Growing on vines, pepper berries turn from green to red and black as they mature. The oil from India is extracted by steam distillation of the dried and crushed peppercorns but is also a by-product of the oleoresin manufacture. The market price is influenced by the crop sizes in Vietnam, Brazil, and Indonesia.
Category Essential Oils and Extracts
Regional Availability Worldwide
Harvest Period Oct - Dec
Natural Status EU Natural
Organoleptic Descriptors spicy, warm, black pepper
Common Applications ginger, pepper, spice
Appearance Colourless to yellow liquid
Optical Rotation -23.0 to -1.0
Refractive Index @20℃ 1.4790 - 1.4880
Specific Gravity @20℃ 0.867 - 0.887
Flash Point ℃ 50°C
Shelf Life (months) 12
Storage Recommendations Sealed containers in a cool dark place. Check quality before use.